CSF shunt systems typically require monitoring and regular medical follow up. When there is reason to suspect that a CSF shunt system is not functioning properly for example, if the symptoms of hydrocephalus return , medical attention should be sought immediately. Some of the most common risks of CSF shunts include infection, shunt malfunction, and improper drainage. Infection from a shunt may produce symptoms such as a low-grade fever, soreness of the neck or shoulder muscles, and redness or tenderness along the shunt tract. Shunt malfunction is most commonly due to a blockage or some obstruction within the shunt system. If the blockage is not corrected, symptoms of hydrocephalus will return. In some cases, shunt blockage may require surgery to replace the affected component or components. Overdrainage occurs when the shunt allows CSF to drain from the ventricles more quickly than it is produced. Overdraining can cause the ventricles to collapse, tearing blood vessels and causing headaches, hemorrhages subdural hematomas , or a condition where the ventricles decrease in size until they are too small slit ventricle syndrome. Symptoms of overdrainage often include headache and are similar to the symptoms of underdrainage hydrocephalus.
A ventriculoperitoneal shunt is a medical device that doctors use to treat a brain condition called hydrocephalus. Hydrocephalus is a condition that causes fluid to build up on the brain, which increases the pressure around the brain. A ventriculoperitoneal shunt reduces that pressure. Doctors insert this medical device while a person is under general anesthetic. This article explores ventriculoperitoneal shunts and the procedure used to place them. It also discusses the risks of ventriculoperitoneal shunts and recovery.
The site navigation utilizes arrow, enter, escape, and space bar key commands. Up and Down arrows will open main level menus and toggle through sub tier links. Enter and space open menus and escape closes them as well. Tab will move on to the next part of the site rather than go through menu items. The term hydrocephalus is derived from two words: "hydro," meaning water, and "cephalus," referring to the head.
A ventriculoperitoneal VP shunt is a medical device that relieves pressure on the brain caused by fluid accumulation. VP shunting is a surgical procedure that primarily treats a condition called hydrocephalus. CSF cushions your brain and protects it from injury inside your skull. The fluid acts as a delivery system for nutrients that your brain needs, and it also takes away waste products. Normally, CSF flows through these ventricles to the base of the brain. People of any age can develop hydrocephalus and therefore require a VP shunt.